Brasov day trips

 

Brasov Day Trip Tours in Transylvania

Natural Wanders Tour

Tour route:
Brasov - Vama Buzaului (European Bison Reservation) - Berca (The Mud Volcanoes) - Brasov

Included in Natural Wanders Tour:

- pick-up from any address in Brasov
- transportation
- all entrance fees

Tour duration:
full day

Period:
all year

Brasov tour departure:
9 AM - meeting point or any other address in Brasov

Price:

2 persons 63 euro/person
3-4 persons 48 euro/person
5-7 persons 43 euro/person

Tour photo gallery:


Tour details:

Vama Buzaului (European Bison Reservation)

Vama Buzaului is an agricultural community 40 km away from Brasov and it holds one of the few european bison (wisent) reservation in the word.

The wisent (Bison bonasus), is a bison species and the heaviest surviving land animal in Europe. A typical wisent is about 2.9-3.0 m (9.5 ft) long and 1.8-2.2 m (5.9-7.4 ft) tall, and weighs 300-920 kg (660-2000 lb). It is typically smaller than the related American bison (Bison bison), and has shorter hair on the neck, head, and forequarters, but longer tail and horns.

In 1996 the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) classified the wisent as an endangered species. In the past it was commonly killed to produce hides and drinking horns, especially during the Middle Ages.

The last wisent in Transylvania died in 1790. The last wild wisent in Poland was killed in 1919 and the last wild wisent in the world was killed by poachers in 1927 in the Western Caucasus. By that year fewer than 50 remained, all in zoos.

European bison were reintroduced successfully into the wild, beginning in 1951. Free-ranging herds are found now in Poland, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova.

The Valea Zimbrilor (Wisents Valley) reserve covers a 12 ha area, but it will be enlarged by another 80 ha of woods. Reservation was opened in late 2007 and the first European bisons were brought from Italy, Austria and Switzerland.

Berca (The Mud Volcanoes)

The Berca Muddy Volcanos geological and botanical reservation lies in the hills that surround the commune, near the Paclele village. Mud volcanos, a rare geological phenomenon, occurs there when mud and gas is expelled from a depth of 3 km through structures resembling real miniature volcanos.

As the gasses erupt from 3000 meters-deep towards the surface, through the underground layers of clay and water, they push up underground salty water and mud, so that they overflow through the mouths of the volcanoes, while the gas emerges as bubbles. The mud dries off at the surface, creating a relatively solid conical structure, resembling a real volcano. The mud expelled by them is cold, as it comes from inside the Earth's continental crust layers, and not from the mantle. The mud volcanoes create a strange lunar landscape, due to the absence of vegetation around the cones. Vegetation is scarce because the soil is very salty, an environmental condition in which few plants can survive.

The reservation is unique in Romania. Elsewhere in Europe, similar phenomena can be observed in Italy (northern Apennines and Sicily), Ukraine (in the Kerch Peninsula), as well as Azerbaijan.


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